Johnny Key

Commissioner of Education

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A Division of the Arkansas Department of Education

Arkansas in the American Civil War (Act 561)

Resources for Arkansas in the American Civil War

Act 561 of 2017 provided direction to the Arkansas Department of Education regarding materials or units relating to Arkansas and the American Civil War.

K-5 Lesson Plans

Lesson Plan (Hyperlink)

Description

Arkansas History Hub for Teachers

 

 

The Arkansas History Hub for Teachers contains the following lesson plan on the Civil War for elementary students:

●      Harriet Tubman: Women and the Civil War

Arkansas History Lessons (2008)

Students will research important or famous Arkansans and their contributions in this lesson targeted for Grade 3; however, it is adaptable for higher grades.

●      Arkansans: Important or Famous Arkansans and their Contributions (Page 4)

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies

The Butler Center contains several lesson plans written and aligned to AR Social Studies and Library Media Frameworks. Many of these lessons contain links to primary sources including biographical information on important Civil War persons. 

●      Arkansas Civil War Bandits and Outlaws Grades 5-8

●      Battle or Massacre: You Decide - Engagement at Poison Spring Grades 5-12

●      Red River Campaign (A.K.A. The Camden Expedition) Grades 5-12

●      The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War Grades 5-12. This lesson is from the National Park Service (NPS)

 

K-5 Additional Resources

Additional Resources (Hyperlink)

Description

Arkansas Civil War 150

 

The Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission podcast page features over 100 short lectures by authorities on different aspects of the war and notable military personnel in the state.

Arkansas Civil War 150

 

This section of the Arkansas Civil War 150 website contains a detailed timeline of the Civil War in Arkansas. It is appropriate for Grades K-12.

Arkansas Civil War 150

This section of the Arkansas Civil War 150 website contains several craft projects to assist students in understanding about life during the war. Stories about how each item affected Arkansans and instructions for making each item are included. 

●      Make Your Own Regimental Flags

●      Make Your Own Underground Railroad Lantern

●      Make Your Own Zouave Fez

●      Make Your Own Woman’s Fan

●      Make Your Own Ink

●      Making Civil War Food: Hardtack and Johnny Cake

Pea Ridge National Military Park

 

 

Pea Ridge National Military Park offers Traveling Trunks for educators to rent. The Union and Confederate trunks contain reproduction items worn such as uniform pants, coats and brogans (boots), as well as personal items. Each trunk contains the Thunder in the Ozarks The Battle of Pea Ridge DVD, a book of Civil War activities, and other
resources on the Battle of Pea Ridge and the Civil War in Arkansas.

Pea Ridge National Military Park  History & Culture page 

 

View biographies of the battle's leaders (Union and Confederate), read excerpts from letters and diaries of soldiers, or take an online tour of the Pea Ridge battlefield. Learn more about the units (Union and Confederate) that fought at Pea Ridge through the Order of Battle.

 

6-8 Lesson Plans

Lesson Plan (Hyperlink)

Description

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies

The Butler Center contains several lesson plans written and aligned to AR Social Studies and Library Media Frameworks. Many of these lessons contain links to primary sources including biographical information on important persons. 

●      Arkansas Civil War Bandits and Outlaws Grades 5-8

●      Arkansas Civil War Drama Grades 7-12

●      Battle or Massacre: You Decide - Engagement at Poison Spring Grades 5-12

●      Red River Campaign (A.K.A. The Camden Expedition) Grades 5-12

●      The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War Grades 5-12. This lesson is from the NPS.

Arkansas History Hub for Teachers

The Arkansas History Hub for Teachers contains lesson plans on the Civil War that can be used for middle school:

●      Let Freedom Ring!  The 13th Amendment and Freedmen’s Bureau in Arkansas (AHPP)

The following lessons analyze documents to evaluate the impact of state’s postwar constitution and laws on life in Arkansas (Arkansas State Archives)

●      Arkansas Slave Narratives

●      Reconstruction in Arkansas 1868

Arkansas History Lessons (2008)

This lesson is targeted for Grade 6 but can be adapted for other middle school grades. In this lesson plan, students learn about the candidates for governor in 1872.

●      Brooks-Baxter War (Page 16)

Shiloh Museum

 

The Civil War Discovery Box is for loan to school districts. It contains two lesson plans “Civil War Slang” and “Hard Tack”, a PowerPoint Presentation CD and script, and the DVD In Dreadful Conflict: The Civil War in Northwest Arkansas.

Arkansas Historic Preservation Program (AHPP) is a Division of the Department of Arkansas Heritage

 

 

Specific AR history Civil War lessons on the AHPP site include:

●      Hallowed Ground the Civil War in Arkansas Lesson Plan 2016 for Grades 7-12. This is a PDF file which will appear at the bottom of your computer screen and need to be opened or saved to your computer for use. 

●       Civil War Battlefields in Arkansas PowerPoint 2015 This PowerPoint presentation will appear at the bottom of your computer screen and need to be opened or saved to your computer for use.  

Arkansas Inquiry Toolkit

C3Teachers.org

“Is Progress More Important than Preservation?” is the compelling question for the Arkansas Inquiry Toolkit inquiry on Historical preservation with a focus on the Civil War. This inquiry written by AR teacher Lisa Lacefield is aligned to the AR History Grades 7-8 framework. It could be realigned and taught in Grades 9-12.

National Park Service (NPS)

This lesson from the NPS also appears on the Butler Center and Arkansas Civil War 150 sites.

●      The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War Grades 5-12

 

6-8 Additional Resources

Additional Resources (Hyperlink)

Description

Shiloh Museum

Contains a permanent exhibit: “From the Civil War to World War I”.

Arkansas Civil War 150

 

The Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission podcast page features over 100 short lectures by authorities on different aspects of the war and notable military personnel in the state.

Arkansas Civil War 150

 

This section of the Arkansas Civil War 150 website contains a detailed timeline of the Civil War in Arkansas. It is appropriate for Grades K-12.

Arkansas Civil War 150

 

 

This section of the Arkansas Civil War 150 website contains several craft projects to assist students in understanding about life during the war. Stories about how each item affected Arkansans and instructions for making each item are included. 

●      Make Your Own Regimental Flags

●      Make Your Own Underground Railroad Lantern

●      Make Your Own Zouave Fez

●      Make Your Own Woman’s Fan

●      Make Your Own Ink

●      Making Civil War Food: Hardtack and Johnny Cake

Arkansas Civil War 150

Arkansas was the site of more than 770 military actions between 1861 and 1865. This portion of the website contains an interactive map. Click on the map or on the extensive list below the map for more information and Civil War connections.

The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture (EOA)

The EOA contains a rich database of articles, photos, primary source documents, and media that can be searched by keyword or time period. 

●      Click here to access titles of all EOA articles for the Civil War time period.

●      Click here to access all EOA primary documents featured in EOA articles, including photos, portraits, drawings, newspapers, government documents, maps, and historical images from the Civil War through Reconstruction.

Pea Ridge National Military Park  History & Culture page 

 

View biographies of the battle's leaders (Union and Confederate), read excerpts from letters and diaries of soldiers, or take an online tour of the Pea Ridge battlefield. Learn more about the Union and Confederate units that fought at Pea Ridge through the Order of Battle.

The Pea Ridge Campaign

This section of the website provides an overview of the Battle of Pea Ridge and includes a map from the National Park Civil War Series. 

Pea Ridge National Military Park

 

 

Pea Ridge National Military Park offers Traveling Trunks for educators to rent. The Union and Confederate trunks contain reproduction items worn such as uniform pants, coats and brogans (boots), as well as personal items. Each trunk contains the Thunder in the Ozarks The Battle of Pea Ridge DVD, a book of Civil War activities, and other
resources on the Battle of Pea Ridge and the Civil War in Arkansas.

 

9-12 Lesson Plans

Lesson Plan (Hyperlink)

Description

Arkansas History Hub for Teachers

Arkansas History Hub for Teachers contains lesson plans on the Civil War that can be used for Grades 9-12.

●      Let Freedom Ring!  The 13th Amendment and Freedmen’s Bureau in Arkansas (AHPP)

●      The 14th Amendment (NPS, Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site)

●      American Indians and the 14th Amendment (NPS, Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site)

The following lessons analyze documents to evaluate the impact of state’s postwar constitution and laws on life in Arkansas (Arkansas State Archives)

●      Arkansas Slave Narratives

●      Reconstruction in Arkansas 1868

Butler Center for Arkansas Studies

The Butler Center contains several lesson plans written and aligned to AR Social Studies and Library Media Frameworks. Many of these lessons contain links to primary sources including biographical information on important persons. 

●      Arkansas Civil War Drama Grades 7-12

●      Battle or Massacre: You Decide - Engagement at Poison Spring Grades 5-12

●      Red River Campaign (A.K.A. The Camden Expedition) Grades 5-12

●      The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War Grades 5-12. This lesson is from the NPS.

Shiloh Museum

 

The Civil War Discovery Box is for loan to school districts. It contains two lesson plans “Civil War Slang” and “Hard Tack”, a PowerPoint Presentation CD and script, and the DVD In Dreadful Conflict: The Civil War in Northwest Arkansas.

Arkansas Historic Preservation Program (AHPP) is a Division of the Department of Arkansas Heritage

 

 

Specific AR history Civil War lessons on the AHPP site include:

●      Hallowed Ground the Civil War in Arkansas Lesson Plan 2016 for Grades 7-12. This is a PDF file which will appear at the bottom of your computer screen and need to be opened or saved to your computer for use. 

●       Civil War Battlefields in Arkansas PowerPoint 2015 This PowerPoint presentation will appear at the bottom of your computer screen and need to be opened or saved to your computer for use.  

Arkansas Inquiry Toolkit

C3Teachers.org

“Is Progress More Important than Preservation?” is the compelling question for the Arkansas Inquiry Toolkit inquiry on Historical preservation with a focus on the Civil War. This inquiry written by AR teacher Lisa Lacefield is aligned to the AR History Grades 7-8 framework. It could be realigned and taught in Grades 9-12.

National Park Service (NPS)

This lesson from the NPS also appears on the Butler Center and Arkansas Civil War 150 sites.

●      The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War Grades 5-12

Arkansas Civil War 150

The Research and Education page of this website contains links to specific lesson plans for students developed by the AHPP, Butler Center, and NPS. The two AHPP lessons are linked in the above row under AHPP and the other lessons appear throughout this document. 

 

 

 

 

9-12 Additional Resources

Additional Resources (Hyperlink)

Description

Shiloh Museum

Contains a permanent exhibit: “From the Civil War to World War I”.

Historic Washington

This webpage contains an online, interactive Wiki timeline. Embedded links for more specific resources are contained within the timeline’s decades.  

AR Historic Preservation Program (AHPP) is a Division of the Department of Arkansas Heritage

Issues of the Arkansas Battlefield Update newsletter are available on this link. The Arkansas Civil War Heritage Trail is a network of six regional private, nonprofit, volunteer organizations seeking to identify, protect, interpret and promote Arkansas properties related to the state's Civil War experience.

AHPP

Reed’s Bridge Battlefield Preservation Planis a comprehensive report including maps and battle plans. It is a great resource for research and applicable for grades 9-12. 

AHPP

 

A Preservation Plan for Three Battles of the Camden Campaign: The Battle of Elkin’s Ferry, the Battle of Prairie D’Ane, and The Battle of Moscow Church, Nevada and Clark Counties, Arkansas is a comprehensive plan for preservation for three National Historic Landmark battlefields. It includes background information on the battles, notable historic military personnel, historic maps, and current photographs of sites.

Arkansas Civil War 150

 

The Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission podcast page features over 100 short lectures by authorities on different aspects of the war and notable military personnel in the state.

Arkansas Civil War 150

 

This section of the Arkansas Civil War 150 website contains a detailed timeline of the Civil War in Arkansas. It is appropriate for Grades K-12.

Arkansas Civil War 150

Arkansas was the site of more than 770 military actions between 1861 and 1865. This portion of the website contains an interactive map. Click on the map or on the extensive list below the map for more information and Civil War connections.

The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture (EOA)

The EOA contains a rich database of articles, photos, primary source documents, and media that can be searched by keyword or time period. 

●      Click here to access titles of all EOA articles for the Civil War time period.

●      Click here to access all EOA primary documents featured in EOA articles, including photos, portraits, drawings, newspapers, government documents, maps, and historical images from the Civil War through Reconstruction.

ASU Arkansas Heritage Sites: Lakeport Plantation

This site contains a detailed description of events and research related to Lakeport plantation before, during, and after the Civil War. Tour information and information on special events is also available.

Pea Ridge National Military Park  History & Culture page 

 

View biographies of the battle's leaders (Union and Confederate), read excerpts from letters and diaries of soldiers, or take an online tour of the Pea Ridge battlefield. Learn more about the Union and Confederate units that fought at Pea Ridge through the Order of Battle.

The Pea Ridge Campaign

This section of the website provides an overview of the Battle of Pea Ridge and includes a map from the National Park Civil War Series. 

Pea Ridge National Military Park

 

 

Pea Ridge National Military Park offers Traveling Trunks for educators to rent. The Union and Confederate trunks contain reproduction items worn such as uniform pants, coats and brogans (boots), as well as personal items. Each trunk contains the Thunder in the Ozarks The Battle of Pea Ridge DVD, a book of Civil War activities, and other
resources on the Battle of Pea Ridge and the Civil War in Arkansas.

 

General Education Resources for Arkansas History and the American Civil War

Additional Resources (Hyperlink)

Description

Delta Cultural Center

 

The Delta Cultural Center in Helena provides two-day, full-day, and half-day tours of the Battle of Helena grounds, USS Tyler gunboat, the Confederate cemetery, Maple Hill cemetery, and more. There are a total of 27 sites located throughout Civil War Helena.

Delta Cultural Center

 

There is a permanent exhibit "Civil War in the Delta" at the Delta Cultural Center on the upper floor. This exhibit provides an overview and timeline, information on the Union occupation, Helena’s Confederate Generals, and civilian life. 

Arkansas State Parks with Civil War History

State Parks of Arkansas featuring Civil War history are Historic Washington State Park, Jacksonport State Park, and Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park. The websites and parks feature photos, a listing of activities, maps/directions, and information on planning a trip.

National Park Service (NPS)

The NPS has a Civil War Teaching With Historic Places page which contains numerous lessons on the Civil War; many of the lessons have primary sources.

●      Andersonville: Prisoner of War Camp Examine conditions of the Civil War's most notorious prison, and learn how inmates were able to cope (National Park)

●      The Battle of Bentonville: Caring for Casualties of the Civil War Understand how battlefield medical care developed during the Civil War, particularly in the Union Army (National Historic Landmark)

●      The Battle of Glorieta Pass: A Shattered Dream Discover how the Battle of Glorieta Pass ended the Confederacy's dream of expanding westward to the Pacific Ocean (National Park/National Historic Landmark)

●      The Battle of Honey Springs: The Civil War Comes to the Indian Territory Learn how the Civil War created fierce conflicts among American Indian nations who had been moved across the Mississippi River

●      The Battle of Mill Springs: The Civil War Divides a Border State Use one of the Civil War's key early battles to understand the conflicts that faced border states such as Kentucky during and after the war (National Historic Landmark)

●      The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War Understand the violence of the Civil War through the eyes of young women whose homes were in the midst of an important battle and continuing conflict

●      The Battle of Stones River: The Soldiers' Story Recall one of the Civil War's bloodiest battles, which raged through the rocky cedar glades of Tennessee, as told in eyewitness and personal accounts (National Park)

●      Chatham Plantation: Witness to the Civil War Learn why this home in Fredericksburg, Virginia, was a center of military activity, and consider the impact the war had on those whose property became part of the battlefield (National Park)

●      Choices and Commitments: The Soldiers at Gettysburg Trace the course of this Civil War battle and consider the wrenching personal choices that were made by soldiers on each side (National Park)

●      Clara Barton's House: Home of the American Red Cross Follow Barton's remarkable career as a leader of charitable causes, from caring for the wounded on Civil War battlefields to founding the American Red Cross (National Park/National Historic Landmark)

●      "Comfortable Camps?" Archeology of the Confederate Guard Camp at the Florence Stockade Learn about the life of the Confederate guards at the Florence Stockade Civil War prison camp and discover how archeology revealed much of this information

●      First Battle of Manassas: An End to Innocence Study personal accounts of soldiers who fought in the first battle of the Civil War, and discover how the day set the tone for the many bloody battles to come (National Park)

●      Fort Morgan and the Battle of Mobile Bay Follow Admiral Farragut's attack on Fort Morgan and Mobile Bay, and consider the human reaction to technologies such as ironclads and underwater mines (National Historic Landmark)

●      Fort Pickens and the Outbreak of the Civil War Discover why Fort Pickens was so valuable to both the Union and Confederacy, and follow the actions of the military commanders faced with crucial decisions (National Park)

●      Glorieta and Raton Passes: Gateways to the Southwest Learn how these remote passes in the mountains influenced the course of the westward expansion of the United States (National Park/Raton Pass is a National Historic Landmark.)

●      "The Honor of Your Company is Requested": Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Ball at the Patent Office Attend President Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural ball and explore how American citizens celebrate their leaders taking office (National Historic Landmark)

●      "Journey from Slavery to Statesman": The Homes of Frederick Douglass Follow Frederick Douglass on his journey from life as a slave to that of a respected statesman and investigate how three homes reflect the different phases of his life (Wye House, the Nathan and Polly Johnson House, and Cedar Hill are National Historic Landmarks. Cedar Hill and the Nathan and Polly Johnson House are each a resource of a National Park.)

●      Lincoln Home National Historic Site: A Place of Growth and Memory Learn how Abraham Lincoln's belief in freedom and democracy, his eloquence, and the support of family and community propelled him to the White House and uplifted him through the turbulent Civil War (National Park/National Historic Landmark)

●      A Nation Repays Its Debt: The National Soldiers' Home and Cemetery in Dayton, Ohio Learn about the evolution of a system to honor and care for U.S. veterans beginning with the creation of soldiers' homes and national cemeteries during and after the Civil War (National Historic Landmark)

●      Not to Be Forgotten: Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery Learn about the history of Camp Chase in Columbus, Ohio, and about the federal government's policies guiding the marking of POW graves during and after the Civil War

●      President Lincoln's Cottage: A Retreat Explore President Abraham Lincoln’s life at a country retreat during summer months and examine the work he completed there on the Emancipation Proclamation (National Historic Landmark)

●      The Siege and Battle of Corinth: A New Kind of War Understand how newly developed technologies affected two military engagements and one tiny town in Mississippi during the Civil War (National Park/National Historic Landmark)

●      The Siege of Port Hudson: "Forty Days and Nights in the Wilderness of Death" Understand the importance of the Mississippi to both the North and South during the Civil War, and the differences between a siege and a regular battle (National Historic Landmark)

●      These Honored Dead: The Battle of Rivers Bridge and Civil War Combat Casualties Learn how veteran soldiers adapted to the technological changes that had increased the deadliness of the battlefield, and understand the cost of the Civil War in human terms

 

 

 

 

For more information, please contact:

Melissa StarkeySocial Studies Specialist
Arkansas Department of Education
Division of Elementary and Secondary Education
Four Capitol Mall, Room 202-B
Little Rock, AR 72201
Phone: 501-682-6584

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